The Island Waste Management Corporation was created May 29, 1999, constituted pursuant to section 18 of the Environmental Act R.S.P.E.I. 1988, Cap. E-9. The general powers of the Corporation shall be as set out in section 16 of the Interpretation Act R.S.P.E.I. 1988, Cap I-8. The Island Waste Management Corporation (IWMC) is a provincial Crown Corporation that
administers and provides solid waste management services throughout Prince Edward Island.
Our mandate is to deliver a cost effective and environmentally responsible provincial waste
management system to both the residential and commercial sectors of PEI. Waste Watch is a 3-
stream source separation mandatory program that was implemented Island-wide in 2002.
In the early 1990's, there were very few waste diversion efforts in place on PEI. Most people just
put their garbage at the curb and forgot about it. In the East Prince area of Canada’s smallest
province, a committee of local, municipal and provincial officials were selecting a location for a
replacement waste management facility for this region. To go with this new site, there needed to
be a new way of thinking about how we deal with our waste. The East Prince Waste Management Committee accepted a mandate to provide a waste
management system that would reduce “landfillable” waste. The Committee decided not to
accept compostable organic materials or marketable recyclable materials at the landfill. Through
the work of this committee, the waste management program known as Waste Watch was born.
After Island-wide implementation, the last 14 community disposal sites and 9 container sites in
the province were closed and now only three final disposal facilities accept residential and commercial wastes.
The facilities include the East Prince Waste Management Facility built in 1994, PEI Energy
Systems Waste Plant (incinerator) that has been in place since 1983 and the Central Composting
Facility which was built in 2002. Waste Watch Drop-off Centers (WWDC’s) which serve as
transfer stations were also built to service remote communities of the province.
Waste Watch Program
Waste Watch is a mandatory program where residents, visitors and businesses must separate the waste
they produce at the source, into the following three categories:
marketable RECYCLABLE material, COMPOST, and WASTE.
Residents are provided with 240 Litre compost and waste carts which are collected curbside on a biweekly
basis on alternating weeks. Recyclable material is collected monthly in blue bags. The
commercial sector is responsible for transporting their sorted material to designated facilities.
Our program continues to expand to allow safe environmental practices when disposing of special items
such as household hazardous waste, needles and sharps, medication, batteries, tires, used motor oil and
Our Success Story
The Waste Watch system is working very well and produces some of the best waste diversion
figures in North America. Since the start of the program, we have learned many lessons;
mandatory source separation by the user is one of the main reasons the program is a success and
it is the most cost effective and precise way to separate different waste streams.
The residents of Prince Edward Island have proven that the goal to reduce waste going to
landfills by 50% by the year 2000, which was set by the federal government, can be achieved as
we were the first province in Canada to surpass this feat by diverting as high as 65% from
Waste Watch Participants (2009 numbers):
- 70,000 residential& apartment units
- 8,000 cottage units
- 10,000 businesses
- 1,000,000 annual visitors